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Market-based support schemes for renewable energy sources
Introduction In the last two decades renewable energy has received increased support from national governments. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Commission indicates that renewable energy has to provide at least 20% ...
European short-term electricity market designs under high penetration of wind power
The European Union (EU) has adopted ambitious targets for decarbonization of the electricity sector. Renewable energy sources for electricity (RES-E), especially wind and solar power, will play an important role in achieving ...
National renewable polices in an international electricity market : a socio-technical study
The goal to promote RES-E, in the European context, coexists with goals of ensuring a single internal market for electricity, and security of supply in the European Union, and these simultaneous goals are not always congruent ...