Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11531/46271
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dc.contributor.authorFernández-Ballesteros García, Rocíoes-ES
dc.contributor.authorOlmos, Ricardoes-ES
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Ortiz, Lourdeses-ES
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Izquierdo Alonso, Macarenaes-ES
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-15T18:53:36Z-
dc.date.available2020-05-15T18:53:36Z-
dc.date.issued15/05/2020es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203es_ES
dc.identifier.uri10.1371/journal.pone.0232340es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11531/46271-
dc.descriptionArtículos en revistases_ES
dc.description.abstractA growing body of literature acknowledges the association between negative stereotypes and individual components of active aging, but very few studies have tested this association, at both individual and population levels. The Stereotypes Content Model (SCM) states that the cultural aging stereotyping of higher warmth than competence (called paternalistic or ambivalent prejudice) is universal. Our aims in this study are to test the extent to which the universality of this stereotype is confirmed in European Countries as well as how far "positive", "negative" or "ambivalent" views towards older people, and other negative attitudes such as prejudice and behaviours such as discrimination, predict active aging assessed both at individual and population levels. We have analyzed data from the European Social Survey-2008 (ESS-2008), containing SCM stereotypical and other appraisal items (such as direct prejudice and perceived discrimination) about adults aged over-70 from 29 European countries. First, SCM cultural stereotypes about older adults ( friendly , competent , and ambivalent ) were calculated; secondly, after developing a typology of countries based on their negative , ambivalent and positive views about older adults, the universality of cultural stereotypes was tested; thirdly, taking into consideration ESS data of those older persons (over 70s) who self-reported indicators of active aging (health, happiness, satisfaction and social participation), multilevel analyses were performed, taking our inter-individual measure of active aging as dependent variable and our stereotypical classification (positive/ negative/ambivalent), direct prejudice and perceived discrimination as predictors; finally, relationships between stereotypical and appraisal items on older adults were examined at population level with country data from Active Aging Indexes. Our results show cultural stereotypes about older people (more friendly than competent) are widespread in most European countries, and negative cultural views of older adults are negatively associated with active aging both at individual and population level, supporting that negative cultural views of older adults could be considered as a threat to active aginges-ES
dc.description.abstractA growing body of literature acknowledges the association between negative stereotypes and individual components of active aging, but very few studies have tested this association, at both individual and population levels. The Stereotypes Content Model (SCM) states that the cultural aging stereotyping of higher warmth than competence (called paternalistic or ambivalent prejudice) is universal. Our aims in this study are to test the extent to which the universality of this stereotype is confirmed in European Countries as well as how far "positive", "negative" or "ambivalent" views towards older people, and other negative attitudes such as prejudice and behaviours such as discrimination, predict active aging assessed both at individual and population levels. We have analyzed data from the European Social Survey-2008 (ESS-2008), containing SCM stereotypical and other appraisal items (such as direct prejudice and perceived discrimination) about adults aged over-70 from 29 European countries. First, SCM cultural stereotypes about older adults ( friendly , competent , and ambivalent ) were calculated; secondly, after developing a typology of countries based on their negative , ambivalent and positive views about older adults, the universality of cultural stereotypes was tested; thirdly, taking into consideration ESS data of those older persons (over 70s) who self-reported indicators of active aging (health, happiness, satisfaction and social participation), multilevel analyses were performed, taking our inter-individual measure of active aging as dependent variable and our stereotypical classification (positive/ negative/ambivalent), direct prejudice and perceived discrimination as predictors; finally, relationships between stereotypical and appraisal items on older adults were examined at population level with country data from Active Aging Indexes. Our results show cultural stereotypes about older people (more friendly than competent) are widespread in most European countries, and negative cultural views of older adults are negatively associated with active aging both at individual and population level, supporting that negative cultural views of older adults could be considered as a threat to active agingen-GB
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoen-GBes_ES
dc.rightsCreative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada Españaes_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/es_ES
dc.sourceRevista: PLoS One, Periodo: 1, Volumen: 15, Número: 5, Página inicial: 1, Página final: 22es_ES
dc.titleCultural aging stereotypes in European Countries: Are they a risk to Active Aging?es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_ES
dc.rights.holderes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.keywordsestereotipos culturales, envejecimiento activo y saludable, prejuicio directo, discriminación percibida, European Social Survey (ESS), ïndice de envejecimiento activoes-ES
dc.keywordscultural stereotypes, active and healthy aging, direct prejudice, perceived discrimination, European Social Survey (ESS), Active Aging Indexen-GB
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