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Title: Dunning–Kruger effect and flat-earthers: An exploratory analysis
Authors: Arroyo Barrigüete, José Luis
Bellón Núñez-Mera, Carlos
Labrador Fernández, Jesús
Nicolas, Victor Luis de
Issue Date: 4-May-2023
Abstract: .
This article aims to analyze the factors influencing belief in a flat Earth. We focus on Spain, a country that sadly has some of the most relevant figures on this topic in the Spanish-speaking world. After a qualitative analysis of YouTube videos on the main channels on the subject, a survey was carried out on 1252 individuals. The results point to two conclusions. First is the presence of a considerable Dunning–Kruger effect among flat-earthers. There is a significant negative correlation between science literacy—overall and practically all its dimensions—and overconfidence in science in this group. The second, evaluated through a regression tree, confirms that the interaction of low scientific literacy and overconfidence is highly relevant in explaining the belief in a flat earth. Neither factor alone is determinant, but the combination of the two (low scientific literacy and high overconfidence) leads to high levels of flat earth belief.
Description: Artículos en revistas
ISSN: 0963-6625
Appears in Collections:Artículos

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